War Vocabulary: 20 expressions connected to war

Hello welcome to Talk2Legends.com, today I’m going to discuss 20 expressions connected to war.

War is a terrible thing, and yet it is something that often dominates the headlines in many newspapers. Therefore, it is important to know how to discuss war in English.

20 expressions connected to war:


The military might also be known as the armed forces. The military or armed forces is a group that is created by a government for people who wish to fight against enemy to protect their country or to sign up for a peacekeeping mission. In India, we have three main forces that is the army, the navy and the Air Force.


A soldier is some people who is a member of the army. They are responsible for fighting for his country in the war.


Troops is a groups of soldiers. Many times when talking about groups of soldiers, we also refer to them as troops.


A civilian is the normal people or citizens. A civilian is a person who is not a member of the armed forces. They are not directly involved in fighting a war, they are just normal people, everyday citizens.


A casualty is a victim of war. It means that due to war, someone is either severely injured or killed.

Civilian casualties:

This specific expression is actually heard a lot in the news. A civilian casualty means someone who died as a result of war or was injured as a result of war, even though they are not a soldier. So if an innocent child gets injured during the war, they are a civilian casualty.

Death toll:

Death toll means the number of people who have died or have been killed as a result of a natural disaster, an accident or war. In the news, you can often hear expressions like the death toll reached a certain number or the death toll is climbing. These are expressions that are often used to refer to the people who are continuing to die as a result of an ongoing war.


A weapon is a tool or an object which is used to fight a war. Something that soldiers will use in order to attack or defend themselves. Examples of common weapons during a war are guns, missiles, rockets, bombs, bayonets and grenades.


Ammunition is an object which is fired from a weapon. A common example of ammunition would be bullets for a gun. Sometimes the combination of a weapon plus ammunition is referred to arms. If someone has a gun with bullets in it, you could say that they are armed, which is where the expression army comes from.

Allies or enemies:

An Allies is someone who is on the same side during a war. A country that agrees to help and support another country during a war they are allies. The opposite of that, your opponent or person you’re fighting against is your enemy.

Defend and attack:

During a war, if you are on the defense, you are defending a country, you are doing your best to protect its people and keep them safe. The opposite of that is to attack, to be on the offense, to be assaulting or bombing or shelling someone else. A word that has been in the news a lot lately connected to the ongoing war in the Ukraine is onslaught.

Invasion or invade:

Invasion is the noun, and invade is the verb. An invasion is when a large number of military soldiers and so on go and attack a different country that does not belong to them in order to try and gain control of that area. Unfortunately, about a week ago, putin’s army invaded the Ukraine.

Flee or to evacuate:

To flee or to evacuate means to run away and get away from danger, to escape from a dangerous situation. So if there is a war in a certain country, headlines will often read that civilians are fleeing the country, or, due to the intensifying crisis, governments are evacuating their citizens.


A refugee is a person who needs to flee their country due to war or danger of persecution. Unfortunately, during a war, there are often many refugees who are left homeless and need assistance.


A protest is a type of demonstration or march, where many people get together to show their support of a certain issue and to try to get the government to act on a specific issue. Oftentimes when there is a war, there are lots of anti war protests. The word anti means that you are against something.


Sanctions are a type of penalty that one government puts on the government of another country. So sanctions are things that a government will specifically do in order to cause harm or damage or crisis to a particular country or the political leader in that country. Sanctions include things such as export and import bans, which will affect the economy of the country. They also include things such as travel bans or freezing assets.

When discussing sanctions connected to the concept of war, the verb that you will usually hear is impose, the US imposed sanctions on Russia.


Ceasefire is literally what it sounds like cease, which means to stop, and fire, which means to shoot weapons. So a ceasefire is a temporary time in which the enemies and allies have both agreed to stop fighting so that peace talks can be seen in you.

Peace treaty:

A treaty is an official document, an official agreement or contract that the people involved in a war will sign, agreeing to stop the war and to end the war to bring peace.

So friends in this article you have learned more than 20 expressions connected to war. I hope that this war vocabulary will be helpful for you when trying to understand the news surrounding terrible wars.

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