Talk 2 Legends | English Education and Information English grammar What is Vowel and Consonants? What are the different between them?

What is Vowel and Consonants? What are the different between them?

The English alphabet has vowels and consonants, from 26 alphabets there are 5 vowels A, E, I, O, U and the rest of the alphabet letters are consonants.

However, there is the exception of the letter Y, which can act as a consonant and a vowel.

What is a vowel?

A vowel is a sound that is made when air flows out of the mouth without being blocked by any part of the mouth or throat.

What is a consonant?

A consonant is a sound that is made when air is partially blocked by part of the mouth or throat.

All words in English have at least one vowel.

Let’s look at some examples:-
  • Hat

Here we can see the letter, ‘H’ is a consonant and ‘a’ is a vowel and ‘t’ is also a consonant.

  • Bed
  • Boy
  • Beg
  • Bat
  • Sun
  • Son
  • Pig
  • Pet

Above all words have only one vowel.

In English grammar some words have more than one vowels:-
  • Look
  • Book
  • Suit
  • Sheep
  • Powder
  • Picture
  • Mobile
  • Computer
  • Television

Above all examples have more than one vowel.

All vowels can present in a single word also,

In English grammar there are a lot of examples having 5 vowels but the most useable examples are:-
  • Education
  • Precautions
  • Misbehavior
  • Automobile
  • Authentication

Now, let’s see how the letter Y can act as a vowel and a consonant.

Let’s start with vowels-

For example:-

  • sky 

Here, the letter ‘Y’ makes an  ‘I’ sound and the letter i’ is a vowel. Therefore in this example the letter Y is considered to be a vowel.

It’s important to remember that the letter Y is a vowel when there are no other vowels in the word.

So as we can see here, the letter ‘s’ is a consonant and the letter ‘k’ is also a consonant and the letter ‘Y’ is a vowel.

Let’s look into another example:-

  • Try

Again, we can see here, the letter ‘T’ is a consonant and the letter ‘r’ is also a consonant and the letter ‘Y’ is a vowel.

  • Angry

In this word the letter ‘Y’ makes an ‘e’ sound and the letter ‘e’ is a vowel. Therefore in this example the letter Y is considered to be a vowel.

‘Y’ as a consonant:-

The letter ‘y’ is considered to be a consonant when it comes at the beginning of the word and makes the ‘ye’ sound. 

For example:-

  • Yellow
  • You
  • Yelp
  • Yolk
Each vowel has a short and a long sound

Vowel A:-

  • Short sound :- Apple, Cat
  • Long sound:- cake, Bake

Vowel E:-

  • Short sound :- Jet, Net
  • Long sound:- Feet, Leaf

Vowel I :-

  • Short sound :- Fish, Pig
  • Long sound:- Kite, ice-cream

Vowel O :-

  • Short sound :- Clock, Dog
  • Long sound:-Rope, Boat

Vowel U:-

  • Short sound :- Sun, Jump
  • Long sound:- Cute, Unicorn

Up to rules, you can follow which will make reading words easily:-

The first is, when you have one vowel in a word here, the vowel sounds like it’s short sound.

For Example.:-

  • Jam

Here the vowel “a” makes a short sound. 

  • Bed
  • Had

If there are two vowels in a word then the first vowel sounds like its alphabet name and the second vowel is silent. 

For Example:

  • Bake

There are two vowels A and E. The letter ‘A’ makes its alphabet name, which is the long sound A, and the letter ‘e’ is silent.

  • Same
  • Coat
  • Goat

Common difference between vowels and consonants:-

VowelConsonant
There is no contact between the speech organs in the production of vowels.The air does not go out freely; it is rather obstructed by different speech organs.
Vowels are free air stream.Consonants are Blocked air stream.
Vowels are produced with no obstruction.Consonants are produced with various type of obstruction.
There are 5 vowels in 26 alphabets.Consonants are produced with various type of obstruction.
Quiz:-
  1. Is the letter “Y” is a consonant or vowel?
  2. How many vowels are there in the word “Nursery” ?
  3. How many consonants are there in the word “Skate” ?

Comment Your Answer.

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