What are Transitive and Intransitive verb | Difference between them

Before starting Transitive and Intransitive verbs first quickly revise the subject, object and verb.

Let’s understand it with an example:-

  • Rubi is eating a burger. 

Here,who is doing the action? Rubi, so that Rubi is the subject and what is the action performed by Rubi? Eating, so eating is the verb and what is she eating? A burger, so it’s an object.

So now,you are clear with subject, object and verb.

Let’s look into the main topic: 

What are Transitive and intransitive verbs?

What are Transitive verbs?

Transitive verb is an action that has a direct object to receive that action. So it’s an action verb with a direct object.

Let’s look into a sentence example to make things clear:-

  • The man loves his children. 

Here Love is the action performed by the man which is a subject in this case and it has a receiver, which is children. 

As the man is the subject, who is doing the action love and it has a direct object children.So it’s a transitive verb. 

Let’s look into some more sentence example having transitive verb:-

  • The doctor cured him.

Here, cured is the action and him is the direct object. So it’s a Transitive verb.

  • Riya crossed the street.

Here, cross is the action and street is the direct object. So it’s a Transitive verb.

  • Suman kicked the ball.

Here, kick is the action which is performed by Suman and ball is the direct object. So it’s a Transitive verb.

  • Raja repairing the computer.

Here, repair  is the action which is performed by Raja and computer is the direct object. So it’s a Transitive verb.

  • Rakesh worked in a cafe.

Here, work  is the action which is performed by Rakesh and cafe is the direct object. So it’s a Transitive verb.

What are intransitive verbs?

intransitive verb  is an action that doesn’t have a direct object to receive that action. So it’s an action verb without the direct object.

Let’s look into a sentence example to make things clear:-

  • Snow fell yesterday.

Here, snow is the subject and fell  is the action. But we cannot say the snow felt on whom? In other words, there is no direct object to receive the action. So it’s an intransitive verb. 

  • We failed.

Here, Failed is an intransitive verb as there is no direct object linked with it.

  • She is sleeping.

Here, sleeping is an intransitive verb as there is no direct object linked with sleep.

  • Ram works hard.

Here, work  is an intransitive verb as there is no direct object.

Difference between Transitive and intransitive verbs:-

Transitive verbsIntransitive verbs
Require an object to complete their meaning.Do not Require an object to complete their meaning.
Transitive verb must take an object after it.For intransitive verb either the sentence ends at the verb; else it is immediately followed by a prepositional phrase/adverb( but not an object).
Transitive verbs in the sentence gives motion to the object.An intransitive verb is used in a sentence to describe the “condition of”.

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