Regular verb and Irregular verbs in Hindi with rules and list of Regular verb and irregular verbs

आज़ के article मैं हम पड़ने जा रहे है Regular verb and irregular verbs in Hindi with examples, Regular verb के past simple (second form) और past participle (third form) कैसे बनाए?, Irregular verb के past simple (second form) और past participle (third form) कैसे बनाए?

Regular verb:

जिस verb के 2nd और 3rd from को बनाने के लिए हम उसमे d, ed, ied जोड़ते है उसे हम Regular Verb कहते है।

Irregular verb:

जिन verb मैं d, ed के अलावा अन्य तरीके से verb के 2nd और 3rd from बनाए जाती है उन्हें हम irregular verb कहते है जिन्हे strong verb भी कहते है।

For example:

Regular verb-
BASE FORMSIMPLE PASTPAST PARTICIPLE
AdviseAdvisedAdvised
CloseClosedClosed
PlayPlayedPlayed
CarryCarriedCarried
ArriveArrivedArrived
DeliverDeliveredDelivered
Irregular verbs-
BASE FORMSIMPLE PASTPAST PARTICIPLE
BuyBought Bought
BuildBuilt Built
EatAteEaten
BetBet Bet
AwakeAwokeAwoken
DrawDrewDrawn
GiveGaveGiven
Regular verb के past simple (second form) और past participle (third form) कैसे बनाए?-
  1. अधिकतर Regular verb के First form के अंत मैं ‘ed’ लगा कर 2nd या 3rd form को बाना सकते है।

For example-

BASE FORMSIMPLE PASTPAST PARTICIPLE
DestroyDestroyedDestroyed
EarnEarnedEarned
EnjoyEnjoyedEnjoyed
PullPulledPuled
VisitVisitedVisited
WantWantedWanted
TalkTalkedTalked

2. यदि किसी regular verb के first form का अंतिम अक्षर ‘e’ है वहा हम 2nd और 3rd form को बनाने के लिए सिर्फ ‘d’ जोड़ेंगे।

For example-

BASE FORMSIMPLE PASTPAST PARTICIPLE
AdviseAdvisedAdvised
MoveMoved Moved
LoveLoved Loved
StareStaredStared
RetireRetiredRetired
RaceRacedRaced
PhonePhonedPhoned

3. यदि किसी Regular verb के First form का अंतिम अक्षर ‘y’ है, और ‘y’ के पहले कोई Consonant हो तो हम 2nd और 3rd form को बनाने के लिए ‘y’ को हटा कर ‘ied’ जोड़ देते हैं।

For example-

BASE FORMSIMPLE PASTPAST PARTICIPLE
BuryBuried Buried
CopyCopiedCopied
CryCriedCried
MarryMarriedMarried
IdentifyIdentifiedIdentified
ReplyRepliedReplied
StudyStudiedStudied

इन examples मैं verb की first form मैं ‘y’ के पहले consonant इस लिए ‘y’ को हाटा कर ‘ied’ जोड़ रहा है 2rd और 3rd form को बनाने के लिए।

4. यदि किसी regular verb के first form अंतिम अक्षर ‘y’ है और ‘y’ के पहले कोई vowel है तो हम ‘y’ को हाटा कर ‘ed’ जोड़ते है।

For example-

BASE FORMSIMPLE PASTPAST PARTICIPLE
PlayPlayedPlayed
ObeyObeyedObeyed
EmployEmployedEmployed
PrayPrayedPrayed
DestroyDestroyedDestroyed

इन examples मैं आप देख सकते है y के पहले vowel है इसलिए हम ‘ed’ जोड़े है।

Irregular verb के past simple (second form) और past participle (third form) कैसे बनाए? –

Irregular verb को बनाने के लिए कोई rules नहीं है। Irregular verb को हम three category मैं बाटे है-

Category 1– Category 1 मैं ऐसा verb आते है जिनका तीनों form same है।

List of verb having all form same-

Base FormSimple PastPast Participle
Bet Bet Bet
Shut Shut Shut
PutPutPut
Let Let Let
Hurt Hurt Hurt
Hit Hit Hit
Bid Bid Bid
Burst Burst Burst
Cast Cast Cast
FitFitFit
Read Read Read
Set Set Set
Shed Shed Shed
Thrust Thrust Thrust
Split Split Split
Spread Spread Spread

Catagory 2- Catagory 2 मैं ऐसा verb आते है जिनका तीनों ही form अलग होते है।

List of verb having all form different-

Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
blowblewblown
bitebitbitten
breakbrokebroken
beginbeganbegun
choosechosechosen
drivedrovedriven
drawdrewdrawn
drinkdrankdrunk
eatateeaten
flyflewflown
fallfellfallen
forgetforgotforgotten
growgrewgrown
givegavegiven
hidehidhidden
knowknewknown
rideroderidden
riseroserisen
ringrangrung
speakspokespoken
showshowedshown
swimswamswum
singsangsung
seesawseen
teartoretorn
taketooktaken
writewrotewritten
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn

Catagory 3- Catagory 3 मैं ऐसा verb आते है जिनका 2nd और 3rd form same होते है।

List of verb 2nd and 3rd form same-

Base FormSimple PastPast Participle
bringbroughtbrought
buyboughtbought
buildbuiltbuilt
bendbent bent
bleedbled bled
breedbred bred
burnburnt burnt
catchcaughtcaught
dreamdreamt dreamt
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
feedfed fed
getgotgot
havehadhad
hearheardheard
holdheldheld
keepkeptkept
loselostlost
lightlitlit
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
leanlent lent
laylaid laid
leadledled
meetmetmet
makemademade
paypaidpaid
redreadread
shootshotshot
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
sellsoldsold
standstoodstood
sendsentsent
spendspentspent
saysaidsaid
spellspelt spelt
spitspat spat
sweepswept swept
speedsped sped
swingswung swung
shineshoneshone
thinkthoughtthought
teachtaughttaught
telltoldtold
understandunderstoodunderstood
windwound wound

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